George Washington

George Washington

George Washington was born to Augustine and Mary Washington on February 22, 1732 at the family’s plantation on Pope’s Creek, Virginia. In 1734, the family moved up the Potomac River to another Washington owned property, Little Hunting Creek Plantation, or Mount Vernon. Finally, In 1738, the Washingtons moved to Ferry Farm, a plantation on the Rappahannock River near Fredericksburg, Virginia. Consequently, George and his five younger siblings spent the rest of their youth on this plantation in Virginia.

Washington never attended college or received a formal education, like many of his contemporaries. The Washington family limited funds for education after his father died. His two older half brothers, Lawrence and Augustine, attended Appleby Grammar School in England. However, George and his five younger sibling’s relied upon Private tutors and possibly a local school in Fredericksburg for their formal education.

General George Washington

In 1775, the second Continental Congress nominated George Washington to be considered for the post of commander in chief (General) of the newly formed Continental army. However, a few of the members of Congress contested his appointment. Although, Washington served during the French and English war, some argued that other candidates were better equipped for the job. Ultimately, Congress chose the Virginian as the commander in chief.

Congress appointed Washington because he was a Virginian. The decision worked and Washington’s leadership helped bind the Southern states more closely to the Rebellion in New England. It is noteworthy that although Washington declined compensation for his services above reimbursement of his future expenses when he agreed to serve the thirteen colonies in their War for Independence.

03 July 1775, General Washington officially assumed command of the newly formed Continental Army. General Washington led his band of ill-equipped civilian soldiers in “an effective war of harassment” against the British Army with astonishing success. Six years later, on 19 October 1781, General Charles Lord Cornwallis surrendered in Yorktown, Virginia. The history books show George Washington as the General who defeated one of the most powerful nations on earth. Not bad for wealthy planter from Virginia.


George Washington’s Presidency

Washington’s first four cabinet appointees balanced the two parties evenly:

1. Thomas Jefferson as secretary of state, 
2. Alexander Hamilton as secretary of treasury, 
3. Henry Knox as secretary of war, and 
4. Edmond Randolph as attorney general

He leaned with especial weight upon Hamilton. Hamilton supported Washington’s scheme for the federal assumption of state debts. Moreover, Washington shared Hamilton’s viewed of the bill, which established the Bank of the United States as constitutional. This bill favored strengthening the authority of the federal government.

A feud between Jefferson and Hamilton broke out, which caused much distress for the first president. However, Washington tried to keep the peace writing frankly to each and he refused to accept their resignations.

In 1793, war broke out between France and England. Washington took Hamilton’s view that the United States should completely disregard the treaty of alliance with France. Instead the United States should pursue a course of strict neutrality. Washington firmly believed that the United States must insist on its national identity, strength, and dignity.


George Washington’s Death

On December 12, George returned home from supervising farm activities after the snow began to fall. He went straight to dinner wearing his wet clothes. The following morning, Washington suffered a sore throat. Over the next couple of days, his condition worsened.

On the night of the 13th, Washington asked his wife to bring him both versions of his will, which he wrote months before. After reading both versions, he threw one in the fire. In his will, George left instructions to free all 123 of the slaves he owned after Martha passed on. Consequently, Martha decided not to wait for her death to emancipate the slaves George owned. Instead, she signed a deed of manumission for his enslaved people and they were freed on 01 January, 1801.

On December 14, 1799, Washington spoke to Tobias Lear, his secretary, about his burial arrangements. As soon as Tobias verbally assured him that he understood and would comply, Washington spoke his last words, “Tis well.” Later that evening, between the hours of ten and eleven on the night of December 14, 1799, George Washington died of quinsy.

Let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.?

— George Washington
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